General Safety and Health Provisions - INSTITUTE OF HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

General Safety and Health Provisions

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Subpart C General Safety and Health Provisions 29 CFR 1926.

1 Subpart C General Safety and Health Provisions 29 CFR 1926

2 1926.20 – General Safety & Health Provisions Accident prevention programs which include frequent and regular inspections of the job sites, materials, and equipment shall be made by a COMPETENT person Any unsafe equipment, tools, materials, or machinery shall be locked or tagged to make them unusable or completely removed from the jobsite.

3 1926.20 – ONLY employees qualified by training or experience shall be allowed to operate equipment or machinery (e.g. forklifts)

4 1926.21 – Safety Training and Education The employer is responsible for implementing safety & health program The employer shall instruct all employees in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and relevant regulations Employees required to use poisons, caustics, or other harmful substances shall be instructed about safe handling and use, as well as personal hygiene and required PPE

5 1926.21-On job sites where plants and animals pose a hazard, employees shall receive instructions related to safety issues All employees required to enter into confined spaces shall receive appropriate training and PPE (major concern when dealing with welding and cutting)

6 1926.22,.23,.24 Recording & reporting of injuries (.22) First aid and medical attention (.23) covered in Subpart D Fire protection and prevention (.24) covered in Subpart F

7 1926.25 — Housekeeping During construction all debris shall be kept cleared from work areas Combustible scrap shall be removed regularly Appropriate containers shall be provided for the collection & separation of construction waste

8 1926.26 — Illumination All work areas shall contain adequate lighting

9 1926.27 — Sanitation Covered under Subpart D

10 1926.28 – Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). The EMPLOYER is responsible for requiring the wearing of appropriate PPE where deemed necessary

11 1926.33 – Access to Employee Exposure & Medical Records See 1910.1020 Summary – the employee or designated representative of the employee shall be granted access to the medical records in a timely manner after request is made

12 1926.34 – Means of Egress Exits shall be maintained free of any barriers which might hinder an unobstructed escape from the structure Exits shall be clearly marked and if not obvious…access to these exits shall also be clear and visible

13 1926.35 – Employee Emergency Action Plan The emergency action plan shall be in writing They shall contain certain minimum elements.The employer shall have and train employees on the alarm system used for various emergencies (evacuation, fire, hazardous weather conditions)

 

General Health and Safety:

Special features have been made by construction industries which adversely influence the safety & health of workers. Special problems that arise at construction sites are due to following reasons:

  1. Short time duration of work site to labourer
  2. Seasonal employment.
  3. Extensive and exhaustive use of migrant labour.

Extensive sub-contracting practice.

  1. Effect of weather.
  2. Over-time working.
  3. Competitive tendering.

Due to these reasons, workers change at every stage, safety measures are not adopted, further, no training is given to the workers; hence accident take place.

There is always a tendency in most of the construction sites to work unusual long hours during span of good weather to make up for time lost in bad weather. Sometimes due to need to finish certain operation as these cannot be stopped such as concreting; workers are required to work for extra time; even during night also. This also causes accidents; contractor also always tries to get more work done from migrant labours.

At present; bye laws framed by municipalities and corporation take care of safety in construction industry. Safety codes are framed by almost all municipalities and corporation which are applicable to that territory. Government departments either central or state have also prepared safety codes for safety of workers involved in construction industry. But these provisions are inadequate and there is no enforcing machinery to check whether safety codes are observed or not. Hence as such through the death rate probably is the highest in construction industry but no record is available rather it is also doubtful whether such authentic record has been made somewhere by someone else or not.

The balanced health and safety policy include the following:

  1. Safe and healthy working conditions for workers at construction site.
  2. Training of employees, workers regularly.
  3. To comply with safety codes laws and regulations for the protection of health, safety and environment.
  4. Safety instruments and materials must by used during construction.
  5. Children should not be employed to at construction site.
  6. Unnecessary person should not be allowed at construction site.
  7. Enforcing contractor, management to employ safety precautions, safety codes before execution of any work is started.
  8. Regular medical check up of workers.
  9. Application of systematic safety training programme.

The objective behind all these safety measures, precautions, safety codes are:

  1. To minimise incidents and accidents
  2. Identification and elimination of risks before looses occur.
  3. Developing confidence in workers.
  4. Avoiding loss of time, life, machinery and of course work.

 

 

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